Much like other science, engineering is also divided into numerous sub-disciplines and new disciplines continue to surface in today’s dynamic global landscape. Although students specialize in a particular discipline but due to the nature of the field, you may be required to work with various sub-divisions, often in collaboration with other engineering professionals. This adds variety of experiences to an engineer’s portfolio thereby giving him exposure in related areas and ultimately broadening his scope as an engineer.
Historically there are four major branches of engineering, which are classified as: Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Electrical Engineering.
Many accredited universities and colleges offer online degree programs in all the Engineering disciplines at all levels. An undergraduate degree is required for most entry-level positions, with employer’s favoring engineers with at least masters’ and PhD credentials. Also continuing education is essential for engineers in order to maintain with advancements in technology and increase their chances of being preferred for employment positions, among the tough competition.
Courses in engineering build up on skills that help graduates go on to work in various heavy and lucrative industries such as aeronautics, construction, computers, and more. Some industries like construction and other require certain certification and licensing as inadequately wired office buildings, vulnerable bridges, and defective devices can all have devastating ramifications. So in addition to courses such as math, physics, computer science, information technology, computer aided design, and engineering, students should expect to take courses in regulations, legal issues, business ethics, and safety guidelines.